2 alternative names for the body of a human being; "Leonardo studied the human body"; "he has a strong physique"; "the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak" [syn: human body, physical body, material body, soma, figure, physique, anatomy, shape, bod, chassis, frame, form, flesh]
1 make by combining materials and parts; "this little pig made his house out of straw"; "Some eccentric constructed an electric brassiere warmer" [syn: construct, make]
2 form or accumulate steadily; "Resistance to the manager's plan built up quickly"; "Pressure is building up at the Indian-Pakistani border" [syn: build up, work up, progress]
3 build or establish something abstract; "build a reputation" [syn: establish]
4 improve the cleansing action of; "build detergents"
5 order, supervise, or finance the construction of; "The government is building new schools in this state"
6 give form to, according to a plan; "build a modern nation"; "build a million-dollar business"
7 be engaged in building; "These architects build in interesting and new styles"
8 found or ground; "build a defense on nothing but the accused person's reputation"
9 bolster or strengthen; "We worked up courage"; "build up confidence"; "ramp up security in the airports" [syn: build up, work up, ramp up]
10 develop and grow; "Suspense was building right from the beginning of the opera" [also: built]built adj
1 (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness; "the built liquid detergents" [syn: reinforced]
3 well or attractively formed with respect to physique [syn: built(p), stacked(p), well-stacked]built See build
- Rhymes: -ɪlt
simple past of build
past participle of build
In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following:
To differentiate buildings and other structures that are not intended for continuous human occupancy, the latter are called non-building structures. Structural height in technical usage is the height to the highest architectural detail on building from street-level. Depending on how they are classified, spires and masts may or may not be included in this height. Spires and masts used as antennas are not generally included.
Buildings serve several needs of society. Along with access to food and drinking water, the need for places that are protected from the outdoors and where one can comfortably live, work, eat, sleep, procreate or engage in leisurely activities has always been a top priority for humans. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat into the inside (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful). Humans have a remarkable drive to reflect on their lives and express themselves through art. Ever since the first cave paintings, buildings have become objects of artistic expression. In recent years, interest in sustainable planning and building practices has increased in the U.S.
HistoryThe first shelter on Earth constructed by a relatively close ancestor to humans is believed to be built 500,000 years ago by an ancient ancestor of humans, Homo erectus.
Over centuries, homes were technologically advancing. Some were simply inhabited caves, while others were made of dried mud or stone. In these times, there were little furnishings in these homes, besides perhaps a family altar or a table for eating.
Before the invention of the lift, few buildings were higher than five stories. In the New World, the Anasazi built three- and four-story towers in the 12th and 13th centuries AD.
When Elisha Otis invented the passenger elevator, buildings could be built much higher. Today, the Sears Tower has 108 stories.
ResidentialResidential buildings are called houses/homes. Single family and multi-family dwellings are typically built as shelter and living space. These building types may range from one-room wood-framed, masonry, or adobe dwellings to multi-million dollar high-rise buildings able to house thousands of people. The definition of a low-rise vs. a high-rise residential building is being debated, but generally three stories or less is considered low-rise.
Multi-storyA multi-story building (American English, Multi-storey Building British English) is a building that has multiple floors (stories (storeys in British)) above ground in the building.
Multi-story buildings aim to increase the area of the building without increasing the area of the land the building is built on, hence saving land and, in most cases, money (depending on material used and land prices in the area, of course).
CreationThe practice of designing, constructing, and operating buildings is normally a collective effort of different groups of professionals and trades. Depending on the size, complexity, and purpose of a particular building project, the project team may include:
- A real estate developer who secures funding for the project;
- One or more financial institutions or other investors that provide the funding
- Local planning and code authorities
- A Surveyor who performs an ALTA/ACSM and construction surveys throughout the project;
- Construction managers who coordinate the effort of different groups of project participants;
- Licensed architects and engineers who provide building design and prepare construction documents;
- Landscape architects;
- Interior designers;
- Other consultants;
- Contractors who provide construction services and install building systems such as climate control, electrical, plumbing, fire protection, security and telecommunications;
- Marketing or leasing agents;
- Facility managers who are responsible for operating the building.
Regardless of their size or intended use, all buildings in the US must comply with zoning ordinances, building codes and other regulations such as fire codes, life safety codes and related standards.
Vehicles—such as trailers, caravans, ships and passenger aircraft—are treated as "buildings" for life safety purposes.
Planning and design
Conveying systemsSystems for transport of people within buildings:
See alsoportal Architecture
- Architectural engineering
- Architectural structure
- Autonomous building
- Builders' rites
- 'Building' magazine
- Building material
- Cost overrun
- Famous buildings
- Fire protection
- Green building
- Hurricane proof building
- List of building types
- List of largest buildings in the world
- Natural building
- Natural disaster and earthquake
- Nonbuilding structure
built in Arabic: مبنى
built in Bulgarian: Сграда
built in Czech: Budova
built in Danish: Bygning
built in German: Gebäude
built in Estonian: Hoone
built in Modern Greek (1453-): Κτίριο
built in Spanish: Edificio
built in Esperanto: Konstruaĵo
built in Basque: Eraikin
built in French: Bâtiment (construction)
built in Western Frisian: Bouwurk
built in Korean: 건축물
built in Indonesian: Bangunan
built in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Edificio
built in Italian: Edificio
built in Hebrew: מבנה
built in Lithuanian: Statinys
built in Hungarian: Épület
built in Dutch: Opstal (bouwwerk)
built in Japanese: 建築物
built in Norwegian: Bygning
built in Polish: Budynek
built in Portuguese: Edifício
built in Quechua: Wasichay
built in Russian: Здание
built in Simple English: Building
built in Slovak: Stavba
built in Slovenian: Zgradba
built in Serbian: Грађевина
built in Finnish: Rakennus
built in Swedish: Byggnad
built in Tamil: கட்டிடம்
built in Thai: อาคาร
built in Ukrainian: Будівлі
built in Chinese: 建築物
Junoesque, agreeable, amply endowed, assembled, becoming, bonny, braw, built for comfort, buxom, callipygian, callipygous, cast, comely, constructed, crafted, created, curvaceous, curvesome, curvilinear, curvy, custom, custom-built, custom-made, extracted, fabricated, fair, fashioned, forged, formed, gathered, goddess-like, good-looking, goodly, grown, handcrafted, handmade, harvested, homemade, homespun, likely, lovely to behold, machine-made, machined, made, made to order, man-made, manufactured, milled, mined, molded, personable, pleasing, pneumatic, prefab, prefabricated, presentable, processed, put together, raised, ready-for-wear, ready-formed, ready-made, ready-prepared, ready-to-wear, refined, rounded, shaped, shapely, sightly, slender, smelted, stacked, statuesque, well-built, well-constructed, well-developed, well-favored, well-formed, well-made, well-proportioned, well-shaped, well-stacked